Indonesia names Islamist leader a suspect for insulting state ideology

The leader of the hardline Islamic Defenders Front (FPI), Habib Rizieq, speaks to journalists at police headquarters following his questioning by police over his claims that new bank notes contain symbols resembling the Communist hammer and sickle, which are illegal, in Jakarta, Indonesia January 23, 2017. REUTERS/Darren Whiteside
By Agustinus Beo Da Costa | JAKARTA

Indonesian police on Monday named the leader of an Islamist group, the hardline Islamic Defenders Front (FPI), as a suspect over allegations that he insulted the secular state ideology in the world’s biggest Muslim-majority country.

Police in the province of West Java had been investigating Habib Rizieq over allegations that he made defamatory comments in 2014 about one of Indonesia’s founding fathers, Sukarno, and questioned the legitimacy of the state ideology Pancasila.

The complaint was brought against Rizieq in October last year by Sukarno’s daughter, Sukmawati Sukarnoputri.

Based on video evidence, documents and 18 witnesses the police investigation found the case “met elements needed to name him as a suspect”, said West Java Police Spokesman Yusri Yunus.

A person can be named a suspect in Indonesia once sufficient evidence has been gathered for the case to be presented to judges in a court.

Rizieq has not been detained, but if found guilty he could face up to four years in prison.

The FPI leader has denied wrongdoing and a spokesman for the group pledged to fight the case “until the last drop of our blood”.

FPI spokesman Slamet Maarif said the allegations were being engineered by authorities to “silence Muslims demanding justice”.

The FPI leader was a key organizer of rallies late last year by hundreds of thousands of Muslims against Jakarta’s governor, an ethnic Chinese Christian, who is on trial over accusations that he insulted the Muslim holy book, the Koran.

National police chief Tito Karnavian has warned against creeping Islamist extremism in the country of 250 million, home to dozens of religious and ethnic groups, and where the vast majority of citizens practice a moderate form of Islam.

Rizieq and his followers have vowed to press their demand for Jakarta governor Basuki Tjahaja Purnama to be jailed, with another rally set for Feb. 11, just days before the Jakarta governor elections.

Late last year the FPI led some of Indonesia’s biggest rallies in nearly 20 years targeting the Jakarta governor.

There are concerns among rights groups that Purnama has been unfairly targeted as he runs for reelection next month and that the government has not done enough to protect the rights of religious and ethnic minorities.

(Reporting by Agustinus Beo Da Costa; Writing by Ed Davies; Editing by Alison Williams)

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